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24 August 1771

Philip Roach John, a leading merchant in Limerick, ‘ has a ship now at Milford with between 3 & 400 punch Jamaican Rum bound for Limerick and I think that is as much as he can sell this winter’ ( Richard Hare to Richard Watt, 24 August Liverpool 1771, Letter book of Richard Hare)

  9 May 1774

William Blake of Westmoreland to Robert Perris of same. Bond relating to purchase money for 16 negroes. Endorsed: 14 May, 1776. Robert Perris to Richard Watt and Alexander Allardyce. Assignment of Bond. 3. 31 May & 1 June 1775* 4. W. Blake, William Webber of Bloomsbury concurring, to Henry Fletcher of London and others. Lease and Release of Dean's Valley Waterwork Plantation of 1400 acs. with slaves in trust to secure annuity of £570 to W. Webber and to other uses. Schedules of slaves attached Affidavit attesting signatures of Willian Blake attached

  25 August 1781

Resolution of the House of Assembly, reported in the Cornwall Chronicle, 25th August 1781. Committee: George Goodin, Peter Campbell, William Dunlop, John Wedderburn, Charles Bernard Junior, William Beckford, John Campbell, Richard Watt and Robert Mure.  

19 December 1791

Cornwall and Black Morass Estates, Westmoreland, Jamaica

Indenture between Stephen Fuller and Rose Fuller of London, Merchants. William Lewis, late of Westmoreland, Jamaica but then residing in Boulogne, France eldest son and heir at law of William Lewis, late of the parish of Westmoreland, deceased. And Mathew Lewis , second and younger son of William Lewis, deceased, and also executors of his will and Richard Watt, of Liverpool, being a lease for one year to Watt of Cornwall plantation in the parish of Westmoreland ("save and except the burial house of the family of the said William Lewis deceased and the yard surrounding the same......") and of Black Morass Plantation, also in the parish of Westmoreland

Also with this indenture is a release of Cornwall and Black Morass estates by the parties and others to Richard Watt by way of mortgage for securing £24,000 and interest

25 April 1807

Cornwall and Black Morass Estates, Westmoreland, Jamaica

Indenture between Richard Watt, James Watt, Mathew Lewis and Philip John Miles in Assignment of mortgage on Cornwall and Black Morass Plantations in the Parish of Westmoreland, Jamaica with schedule of slaves April 25 1807. DS and Sealed by all parties.

  Mathew Lewis, Indenture between A Lewis, late of Westmoreland Jamaica et al  and R Watt of Liverpool and T A Woolls et al with J Browning at St Catherine Anne Blake late of Jamaica, S Taylor of St Thomas in the east, J Lewis with J Finlayson of Westmoreland and G Bowes of England and M Lewis with R Walker re demise of Cornwall and Black Morass Plantations in Westmoreland for seven years.

Indenture between R Watt and J Watt at Liverpool and M Lewis at Devonshire Place and P J Miles at Bristol re Assingment of mortgage on Cornwall and Black Morass Plantations in Westmoreland with schedule of slaves.

(Ed note: 1 hogshead = approx 16cwt = approx 812 kg)

Sales of fifteen puncheons of Rum
Apolline, Tomkins from Jamaica
Of Richard Watt Esq.


July 21 by Gower, Dawson and Flower

Insurance £330.0.0 @ 3% commerce, guidance & policy            =£8.8.4
Freight on 1331 gallons @  Rimage, Pierage & trade                   =£34.1.6

Duty                                                                                                             =£0.5.0
Interest on freight & duty & insurance against fire                       =£0.9.10
Docksale, stamps sale charges                                                            =£6.13.1

Brokerage ½ %                                                                                           =£1.3.8

Commission 2 ½ %                                                           =£7.2.0          £58.3.5

  Net proceeds to credit of Richard Watt Esq.                                    £178.10.1

London 31 August 1834
Josh Marryat & sons

Sales of five puncheons of Rum
Drumscandle, Ellis from Jamaica
Of Richard Watt Esq.

Sept 8 by James Brothers

438 gallons @ 3/10                                                                 =£83.19.0
Landing charges                                                                      =£1.5.0         
Discounts                                                           =£0.7.3            £84.16.9

Insurance £75.0.0 @ 3% commerce, guidance & policy            =£1.19.4
Freight on 438 gallons @  Rimage, Pierage & trade                   =£11.4.2

Duty                                                                                                          =£0.5.0
Interest on freight & duty & insurance against fire                    =£0.3.0
Docksale, stamps sale charges                                                         =£2.3.10

Brokerage ½ %                                                                                       =£0.8.7

Commission 2 ½ %                                                    =£2.11.1            £18.15.0

  Net proceeds to credit of Richard Watt Esq.                                     £66.1.9

London 31 October 1834
Josh Marryat & sons

London 25 October 1834
Invoice of sundries supplied by Josh Marryat & Sons & “Lady Katherine Barham” Culverwell for Jamaica by order of and consigned to T H Thompson Esq. for the use of Georges Plain Estate and for accounts of Richard Watt Esq.


 40 bundles wood hoops
 1 bundle truss hoops
 50 puncheon packs               W H Chippendale                 £108.14.9
50 hogsheads packs
2 casks finished

½         Devils tar
3/6       4 bottles lamp oil
7/8       2 bottles paint oil
9          1 bottle seals fat oil                  C Price                                £15.11.9
10        1 bottle engine oil
11        1 tin turpentine
12/13   2 firkin soft soap
14        1 bundle rope                         Reed & sons                             £0.10.0
15        1 piece rock salt                     Mr. J Jones                            £3.13.6
16        1 piece fine salt
17        1 puncheon Gnarling            R Dixon                              £1.0.0



Freight & Rimage                                                                  £23.7.7
Essay & shipping charges                                                 £5.14.2  £29.1.9
Commissions on £198.13.7 @ 2 ½ %                               £4.19.4
Insurance on £210 @ 2%                                                    £4.17.6   £9.16.10
Josh Marryat &Sons

Richard Watt in account current with Josh Marryat

July 31                    By net proceeds 30 Sugar for Garland due 18 July                            130.988   457.16.2
Aug 31                   By net proceed 11 Sugar for Lady K Barham due 17 Sep                                    148.18.8
Aug 31                   By net proceed 32 Sugar for Fontome due 17 Sep                                129.825                427.11.6
                                                                                2 barrels ?? you
Oct 31                     By net proceed 30 Sugar for Florence due 7 Nov                                75.690                     434.12.2

Jan 31                     By net proceeds 20 Sugar for Henrietta&Rebecca this day                27.412                     307.11.3
Jan 31                     By net proceeds 12 Sugar for Tropic due 7 July                      14.432                175.15.10
Feb 30                    By net proceeds 33 Sugar for Garland due 20 Mar                            21.443                                522.19.3
Apr 30                    By discount on £500 from contra due 7 May                                                3.500
                                                                £500 from contra due3 July                                         32.000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            _______

                                By balance of interest to date                                                                     171.650   18.16.3
                                By balance due to us this date                                                                                                       162.2.2


  Errors excepted
London 30 April 1854
Josh Marryat & sons


Georges Plain Estate in account with Fred H Thompson


Sept 9     By Mulch stopped from Pen Keepers for neglect                                             3.15.0
July 9      By Frinke ?? 25 Pun Rum £19.10.0 payable @60days                487.10.0
                Less discount at bank                                                                              3.19.9                483.10.3
Mar 17    By Frinke ?? 5 Pun Rum £19.10.0 payable @60 days                  97.10.0
                Less discount at bank                                                                                 0.7.9                97.2.3
April 6    By Frinke ?? 20 Pun Rum £19.10.0 payable @60 days                380.0.0
                  Less discount at bank                                                                             3.11.1                376.8.11
May 25 By Richard Otty a steer                                                                                9.0.0
July 6      By R F Hughes 5 Pun Rum £19.0.0                                                       95.0.0
July 6      By Andrew Mcfarlane 27 old cattle                                                    108.0.0
July 31    By Tents ?? for hire of shop                                                                     7.10.0
                 Of amount received for rent of mountain land                                 10.15.0               18.5.0
                By balance to debit of Richard Watt Esq                                                         2070.5.5

Errors excepted

Houghton Grove Jan   Aug 1st 1855                                                                                 3261.6.10

Georges Plain Estate in account with Fred H Thompson


1855        To amount brought from page first                                                                      546.0.0
July 31    To paid R F Thomas                                                                                                          
                2 empty pun cheons @20.0.0 June 3 empty puncheons @20.0.0 5.0.0
July 31    To paid Buster Brothers
                Oct 21 a mule cart axle 40/ a pain clamps for ditto 3/   2.3.0
                             3 boxes Iron 107 ? 20/ wharfage & shipping above 1/ 1.2.4
                Nov 4 1 dozen x cut saw files 1 doz handsaws 4/6                        0.10.6
                             2 pots rat poison @2/6 wharfage & shipping above 6 0.5.6
               Mar 20 1 set mule cart harness complete 40/ 1 box Iron 22/ 2.12.3
                             1 mule cart axle 4/ wharfage & shipping                                2.5.0                8.18.7
July 31    To paid L G Cornalde
                Feb 3 1855 a mule cart harness                                                                  2.12.0
July 31    To paid James White
                1854 3 hogsheads Lime @ 16/                                                                      2.8.0
July 31 To paid ?? Soho Dove
              July 20 1855 3 puncheons T Lime from Kingston @ 8/                      1.4.0
July 31 To paid Ian Lamar
                Sept 9 1854 Landing ? Roscoe ? R O Staves 7/6 ? W O Staves 450
                Heading ???? @7/6 & 2910 feet WP boards @7/6                       2.8.1/2
               Nov 10 paid for a bunch sump boards                                         0.4.6
               Nov 20 paid for a bunch sump boards                                         0.4.6
               Jan 1855 Landing & “L K Barham” 2 casks 9 jugs 2 kegs                0.6.6
               1 bale 2 tines 1 pan 1 bale ? hoops 1 bale Iron                         0.8.0
               1 grindstone 40 bales W hoops 50 pun packs 50 Hgs packs      3.2.6
               30 bales Iron hoops “Dove” 3 Pun T Lime                                        1.9.3
               April 19 “Eleanor” 125 pieces hording                                      0.11.0
               Wharfage 194 Hgds 11 Tunes 2 Hgds Sugar                                      22.14.0
             Wharfage 105 Pun Rum 2 kegs Tammerinds                                 10.10.6
               Amount paid cooperage during crop                                           0.14.6                42.3.41/2

                                                Carried to account                                                             £608.10.1/2

Georges Plain Estate to Fred H Thompson


July 31 To paid sending crop accounts                                                                                0.12.9
                To paid Ollex and Davis
               July 31 Salery as Overseer & allowences for funding self &
               Bookkeepers from 1 Aug 1854 to date Marryat                                  290.0.0
                To paid Geo G Hislop
               July 31 salary as bookkeeper from Aug 31 1854 to date one year                48.0.0
                To paid C A Galbraith
                July 31 salary as 2nd bookkeeper from 1 Aug 1854 to date one year                42.0.0
               To paid John Deck
                Dec 17  Casting lead heading holdings 3 coppus & Ahoulf   6.0.0
                Burning off goose muck off retails leading ?? in tail
                And mending Sunday casks ?? goose muck on ??                 3.0.0
                Discount for cash                                                                                               9.0.0                8.0.0
                To paid Tho D Jones
                Dec 31 pressing mill making models for casting Brass Fitting
                Casting brass 312 1/ 15.12                                                                 26.12.0
                ? fallings for brass                                                                                                1.0.0                19.12.0
                To paid Henry Tanner
                Mar 5 a double mould plough ? at ? sale at Mr Gallomery Estate     3.5.0
                To paid Robert Devon
                Sep 6 1000 W O stoves £20 450 pieces heading £20                          29.0.0
                3000 feet W P boards £8 2000 R O Stoves £16.19 ?                  57.0.0
                Less wharfage 48/5 discount for a prompt payment 60/0
                90 feet boards short delivered £8                                                          6.2.10                79.17.2
                Apr 16 120 pieces W O steading £20                                                                         2.8.0
                To paid Mason & Tullies
                Aug 3 300 R O Stoves 11th 100 D D 12th 400 Rostorse 12/   10.0.0
                Aug 30 200 puncheons rivets 31 Mar 40 coopers nails 20/      1.3.0
                Nov 25 174 feet WP planks (picked) £10 pm                                   1.14.9
                Nov 25 1 keg coopers nails 38/ 30th 4 ? rope                                     2.2.0
                Nov 30 1 keg lard 30th  10 Dec 4th  3 gallons lamp oil 15/                 2.0.0
                Dec 13 100 rivets 1/6 18th 6 ? rope 2 gallons oil 4/11 9/                  0.16.6
               Jan 8 3 quires costing paper 9/  1 B H smiths coals 8/                 0.17.0
               Jan 10 300 feet WP boards  16/  23rd 500 feet WP boards    6.8.0
               Jan 27 1 barrel smiths coals 8/  Feb 1 50 quills 3/                 0.11.0
               Feb 8 4 ½ rope 21/6 28th  250 WO stoves £22                          6.11.6
               Mar 15 1 BH smiths coals 8/  20th 300 WP stoves £22                 7.0.0
               Apr 5 1 BH smiths coals 8/  7th 1 set ?? ?? hoops 2/                                2.8.0
               May 1 21 ½ rope 20/6 28th 250 WO stoves £22                             6.11.6
              May 31 300 WO stoves £22 6.12/  June 7 50 ?? ??                 6.12.9
              June 8 60 pieces heading WO £22                                                                 1.6.5
              June 8 By 700 RO stoves returned thus                                        8.15.0                42.12.5
              To paid David King
             Feb 22 306 feet WP boards £8 48/11 Mar 28th 172 feet WP boards 8.14.8
             Apr 7 314 feet WP boards 7.9  28th 91 feet WP boards                 3.0.9
             May 8 300 feet WP boards 7.10 14th 109 feet WP boards    3.1,4                9.16.9
                                                                                Continued to page (last)                 546.4.1


Georges Plain Estate in account amount with Fred H Thompson


July 31 To amount brought from last page                                                                       608.10.1/2
               To paid ?? Manes
                Aug 1st a diary book & forms                                                                                      1.0.0
                To paid Col Corfs Westmoreland
                Poll parochial Tax on 10 wheels @ 3/                                     3.10.0
                Land tax on 2631 acres land @1                                 10.19.3
                Poll parochial tax on £756.0.0                                  59.17.0
                Cholera & small pox purposes on house                     11.16.0                76.2.3
                To paid import duties on L K Barham                                                           9.8.2
                To paid Severn River Pen
                Sept 1854 4 mules                                                                                                          40.0.0
                To paid Mr Misbot (labourer)
                Jan 1855 a steer                                                                    5.0.0
                To paid Mary Godfrey (labourer)
                Jan 29 a steer                                                                                       5.0.0
                To paid Edward Weddibum (labourer)
                Jan 7 a steer                                                                                       6.0.0
                Jan 7 a steer                                                                                       5.0.0
                To paid James W Fraser
                Feb 1 2 steers £7                                                                                14.0.0                      35.0.0
                To paid White Hall Pen
                Feb 9 10 planters stock £8                                                                                  80.0.0
                To paid I Waz
                Feb 1 6 young steers £8                                                                                   48.0.0
                To paid
                2 mules                                                                                                                   16.0.0
                To paid Robert Denon
                July  30 planters stock £8                                                                                  240.0.0
                To paid ?? as attorney from 1st Aug 1854 to date                                    150.0.0
                To paid stamps & postage & miscalainious expenses same person    12.0.0
                cash paid laboures from 1st Aug 1854 to date on pen monthly                 1944.16.4
               To paid Mason & Tollies for ?? ?? sent to England                                 0.10.0


Invoice of sundries shipped by Josh Marryat & Sons from Lady Katherine Barham Culverwell for Jamaica by order and consigned to F H Thompson Esq. for account of the estate of the late Richard Watt Esq.

1              1 Hogshead Stout                                   Neville Reid                        5.13.0
2              1 Cask Oatmeal                                      H Ledger                               4.2.6
¾             2 Hogsheads Coals                               H Sheffield                            3.15.0
5/6           2 Bales cement
                 2 Bales Bricks                                        White bro                              5.14.0
                 6 Pigs Lead                                            Walter Packer                       8.6.6
                 2 Bales ?? Hoops                                              
                40 Puncheon Packs                               W H Chippendale             44.4.6                 4 casks supplied
7              1 ?? Fine salt
7a           1 Hogshead Rock salt                           W H Jones                              5.9.0
8              1 Coil Rope                                              Reid Bouch                            4.2.9
9              1 case cheese                                           Thomas Hastings                1.6.9
10            1 Case apothecary                                 R N Collins                           3.14.0
                                2 Books                                      J Cookes                                  0.5.0
11            1 Keg sallow                                                                                                    
12            1 Keg cart grease                                     F Tucker                                3.11.8
13/16     4 boxes glass                                           Chater & Sons                      3.4.3
17            1 puncheon ironmongery                        
18            1 cask ironmungerery                                     
                50 ?? Iron hoops
                6 bars iron                                                  J Barness                               61.3.7
                2 box Iron                                                        
                1 grindstone
19/20    2 Bales Tar
21/28    8 bottles lamp oil
29/30       2 bottles linseed oil
31            1 bottle heats foot oil
32/33       2 bottles engine oil
34            1 tin turpentine
35 `          1 keg white paint                                      C Prince                               26.5.7
36            1 keg red paint
37            1 Keg Green paint
38            1 Keg Lamp Black
39            1 Keg Red Ochre
40            1 cask grease
41            1 Firkin resin
42            1 Firkin chalk
43            1 cask flannels                                                  Pallisen & Sons   15.11.2                                                                                                                                                   

Freight of tonnage                                                                                 21.12.4
Entry shipping charges wharfage                                                
Bond 10% bills of landing                                                                   6.5.0                27.17.4


  Commission on £196.9.3 @21/2                                                     4.18.3
Guarantee & policy                                                                                     6.1.0                10.19.3

Errors excepted
Josh Marryat & Sons

London 2 July 1855
Messer’s Lightfoot, Earnshaw & Co


                Enclosed we transmit you copy of a letter we received from Mr Thompson respecting the Georges Plain Estate in Jamaica and shall be glad to know, when the matters has been considered by the parties indicating whether we are to close the accounts up to the 1st August as suggested by that gentleman

                                                             We are gentlemen
                                                            Your obedient servant
                                                                Josh Marryat & sons

                London 5 October 1855

Messer’s Lightfoot, Earnshaw & Co


                                The object of this is inform you that we have received a letter from Mr Thompson who now has charge of Georges Plain Estate stating that in consequence of the illness of his wife he will be obliged to come to England next year and again recommends that a power of attorney should be sent out to him to enable him to act in such case to appoint a substitute during his absence which he is not empowered to do. Indeed as we mentioned in our letter of the 11 June, nobody at present legally represents the owners of Georges Plain, which is not a safe position for the property to be left in. Please inform us what you wish done in the matter and say whether it would be of any use to you to have a copy of the power of attorney made which Mr Hislop and Mr Thompson have acted. In September 1854 we had some correspondence with Mr Francis Watt relating to the attornyship of the Estate which we think it would be advantageous for you to refer to before you decide.

                                Adverting to our own letter of 11 June we are glad to inform you that the Georges Plain crop has come up to Mr Thompson’s expectations and that we have availed ourselves of an improvement in the value of sugar, hence to dispose of the greater portion of it at such prices as will we hope result in showing a balance of not less than £1000 to the credit of the estate at the end of the year.

                                The late Mr Watt was in the habit of having a few jars of Tamarinds sent home annually, there are now two here and we shall be glad to know what we shall do with them. Sometimes Mr Watt sent them to the M?? Hospital.

We are gentlemen
         Your most obedient servants
                 Josh Marryat & sons

Statements of the wealth of the reference to F H Thompson Esq. Late attorney to the Georges Plain Estate with aspects to the amounts due from R Watt Esq. of Speke to the executors of the late Richard Watt

R Watt Esq. of Speke is liable for the cost of putting in 62 acres of plant canes previous to August 1855, up to which time all expenses incurred in the cultivation of Georges Plain Estate have been charged to the tenants for life, Amounts of cane at £8.10.0 per acre                                                                                                                                £527.0.0

Also for the value of 13 head of horned cattle on the estate belonging to the tenants for life, estimated at                                                                                                                   £100.0.0

TOTAL                                                                                                                                  £627.0.0


To pay which there is at present in the hands of Josh Marryat & Sons (as for their accounts current) to the credit of R Watt Esq.  of Speke                                     £493.12.1
Leaving a balance of                                                                                                                            £133.7.11

To be paid by him to the executors of the late R Watt

  Josh Marryat & Sons



(addressed to: Mr Lightfoot Earnshaw co, Hull

 From: 31 October 1857 Richard Watt Georges Plain Estate, Josh Manyat & Son)


London 31 October 1857

Messer’s Lightfoot, Earnshaw co

  We some time since received a letter from Mr Caleb Fletcher of Liverpool, informing us that Mr Watt had let out as power of attorney for the management of the Georges Plain Estate in the Ireland of Jamaica to Mr Dories, who was instructed to ?? The produce thereof for the future to Mr Caleb Fletcher and that we are to forward an account when closed to you

Having realised the whole of this years crop we should shortly be in a position (in compliance with Mr Watts wishes communicated to us) to transmit to you an up ?? account made up to the 31 L??, when we shall be ready to pay over the balance say about £4500 four thousand five hundred pounds to the parties entitled to it.

Probably you have ?? this ?? what proportion belongs to the estate of the late Mr Watt and which to his grandson, and we will if you please pay each party their shares, but in case the whole is to be paid into your banks we must request you furnish us with Mr Watts instructions to that effect as far as can ?? his ??

We cannot refrain from adding that seeing we ?? ?? acting as Mr Watts agent for tha management of the Georges Plain Estate for so many years and we have many reasons to ?? to his entire satisfaction we were much confused and hurt by being made acquainted with the change, in the manner we ?? The position of the property owing to there being no authorized person to ? ? the owners. ?? as you are aware, ? for some time a cause of much anxiety to us and we here taken as much pain to pretend injury arising to it in consequence. It was hardly right under such circumstances to keep us in the dark as to what was ?? , and place us in the objectionable position of having that a gentleman who had been requested by us , what change of the property, had been confused without a word of ?? Communication from us, and that by a person who commanded his cause by ?? us  by ?? as a reason for the change “ ?? we had rendered no A/C of the estate produce for several years”

we are
      yours very truly
    Josh Manyat & Sons

                                London 18 November 1857

  Messer’s Lightfoot, Earnshaw & Frankish


                The packet having brought us advice of Mr Sinclair’s draft for £159.10.1 for the balance of his accounts we are now able to close the accounts annually of Georges Plain Estate and herewith we transmit you copy of the sum made up to the 21st instant having a balance in favour of the parties interested of £4,764.18.9 and which we are prepared to pay over on receiving instructions to that effect. We also forward you under this cover copies of the account sales of produce since 30 April last

                                                                We are gentlemen
                                                             Your obedient servant
                                                             Josh Manyat & sons


1 A/C Account
12 A/C sales

Richard Watt (deceased) in account current with Josh Marryat & sons

April 30            To balance due us at this date                    173.484          474.8.0
May 12            To cash paid income tax on £138            1.416               4.0.6
June 30            To T H Thompson’s bill to Colonial Bank due 8 sept 117.500 500.0.0
Aug 31             To T H Thompson’s bill to Colonial Bank due 5 Nov   35.400 200.0.0
Sept 30            To T H Thompson’s bill to Colonial Bank due 24 Nov  46.243 353.3.9



May 31            By net proceed R.W 18 pu Rum for Agnes due 15 May            84.591             240.10.1
June 30            By net proceed R.W 25 pu sugar for Agnes due 25 June            100.440            324.0.10
June 30            By net proceed R.W 10 pu sugar for Lady Bird due 15 July            31.320             107.12.5
Aug 31            By net proceed R.W 35 pu sugar for Lady K Barham due 15 Sept 94.848     416.4.7
Oct 31              By net proceed R.W 40 pu sugar for Sophie due 10 Nov            98.900             575.7.0
Nov 30            By net proceed R.W 30 pu sugar for Jos Shepherd due 20 Nov 75.654            466.16.2
Nov 30            By net proceed R.W 29.11.2 pu sugar for Director due today 89.984 592.1.3
Dec 31             By net proceed R.W 25 pu sugar for Protector due 5 Jan            64.844             559.3.0

April 30            By net proceed R.W 20 pu Rum for Protector due 31 Aug                           205.2.9
April 30            By net proceed R.W 17 pu Rum for Director due 31 Aug                             162.15.6
April 30            By balance of interest to date                                                          221.274            24.4.11                                                                                                                                            3673.18.6

April 30            By balance                                                                                                        2136.10.7

Nov 21              By interest on above to date                                                                                 134.16.1


  Josh Marryat & sons

Richard Watt (deceased) in account current with Josh Marryat & sons

April 30  By balance                                                                                                            176.300   859.13.0
May 31   By net proceed 7 puns Rum for Point due 15 May                  26.248                     135.18.1
June 30   By net proceed 15 puns Sugar for Point due 25 June                                                                368.5.3
June 30   By net proceed 30 puns Sugar for British Jan due 25 June                158.536   695.13.3
June 27   By cash received from Thompson Hankey
                                For damage on sugar pan for Alfred                                                            1.176                                8.10.0
Aug 31   By net proceed 26.8.0 Sugar for Alfred due 20 Aug                        99.138                     1066.3.1 
Aug 31    By net proceed 10.8.0 Sugar for Director due 10 Aug                40.685                     395.4.1
Sept 30   By net proceed 13 pun Rum for Alfred due 30 Sept                                9.100                       175.9.9
Sept 30   By net proceed 37.2.0 Sugar for Appoline due 25 Sept          51.870                                909.12.0
Sept 30   By net proceed 25 pun Rum for Appoline due 30 Sept                                                343.11.4 
Sept 30    By net proceed 15 pun Rum for Mary Anne&James due 30 Sept                                203.19.8 
Sept 30    By net proceed 12 pun Rum for Chanticler due 30 Sept                40.976                     158.11.7 
Sept 30    By net proceed 6 pun Rum for Director due 30 Sept                                                            82.4.0
Oct 31      By net proceed 32.0.0 Sugar for Mary Anne&James 31 Oct            18.018                                857.12.0 
Nov 21    By net discount on £159.10.1 per contra due 17 Feb                             14080                                                               



                                By balance of interest to date                                                                     531.223   58.4.4


Errors excepted

London 21 November 1857

Josh Marryat & sons

Richard Watt in account current with Josh Marryat & sons


April 30  To balance due us at this date                                                 114.975 314.18.10
May 1                     To Aunt of 2 long wheels ships ped for Garland 364                1.4.3
August 8                To cash paid duty on sugar succeds from Fontaine                795                2.11.9
Oct 31                     To D Hislops bill for Bank of Jamaica due in Jan                62.640                540.0.0
Nov 30                   To D Hislops bill to Mason & Gillian due 3 July                43.000                500.0.0
Nov 30                   To cash invoice plantation stores for Lady K Barham 41.525 275.2.8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            £6318.11.5

Errors excepted

London 21 November 1857

Josh Marryat & sons




30th November 1857

Dear Fletcher,

                                I do not see that there has been any money paid into the bank by the London Brokers on account of my West Indian property- by what you have said to me it should have left a handsome profit do look to this if you please- remember I wished these sugars to come to Liverpool but you over ruled me

                                                                                Yours sincerely

                                                                                Richard Watt


                                                                                                          Liverpool 1 December 1857

Messer’s Josh Marryat & sons

                               I enclose you a note just received Mr Watt came of age on the 10th of October 1856 since that passed you have been his agents therefore must settle the present years account with him- by your account current made up to the 30th April 1857. There is a balance of £859.13 due if you think that you would not be justified in paying that sum over, you must do with it as the trustees think fit. I suppose however the present years balance you will please pay into the bank of Messer’s Heywood Kennard & Co to go to Mr Watt’s credit with their house Messer’s Heywood sons & co here.

                                The sales account current and all the documents from Jamaica you will please send to me-I am sorry to see such a fall in sugar

                                                                                I am respectfully

                                                                                Caleb Fletcher

London 2 December 1857

Richard Watt Esq.,

Carer of C Fletcher Esq., Liverpool


                                In reply to a note from you to Mr C Fletcher which he forwarded to us we have to inform you that we on 18 Oct transmitted to Messer’s Lightfoot & Earnshaw the Georges Plain account made up to the 21idum showing a balance of £4764.18.9 in favour of the estate and stating that we were ready to pay the amount to the parties entitled to it on receiving instructions to that effect. We did this in compliance with a request contained in a letter to us from Mr Fletcher dated 10 August and we presumed that you and the trustees would have before this settled what portion of the balance is due to your late grandfathers estate and what to you – It would appear however from Messer’s Lightfoot & Earnshaw’s reply that councils opinion has not yet been obtained on the subject and they consequently are not able to inform us how the same ought to have been divided.

                                Under these circumstances we do not feel that we can comply with what Mr Fletcher desires us to do viz pay the balance due now less the balance due on the 30 April last as until the time is fixed when your grandfathers’ interest ceased and yours began it is impossible to know what amount will be coming to you- for as Mr Fletcher must well understand the difference between the balance of 30 the April 1857 and that on making up the account does not show the profits of the year seeing that a considerable portion of the expenses invested for the crop of this year have been charged to last years account.

                                We will write immediately to Messer’s Lightfoot & Earnshaw on the subject and then address you again as soon as we hear from them.

                                                We are sir
                                               Your obedient servants
                                               Josh Marryat & sons 



(Addressed to: Messer’s Lightfoot Earnshaw & Co

From : 5 December 1857 Richard Watt, Georges Plain Estate Jamaica

Josh Manyat & Sons as to the accounts)

  London 5 December 1857

  Mr Lightfoot Earnshaw and Frankish

Dear Sirs

We received yesterday your Letter of 3 lists and note its contents

With reference to Mr Watts wish to have the profits of Georges Plain Estate for the years subsequent to his?? in Oct 1856, should there be no objection to his being paid the amounts, we ?? Defiantly in ascertaining what he is entitled to.

  The balance of accounts finished is --------------------------------------------4,764 : 18 : 9
Deduct from this balance on 30 April 1857 -------------- 859 : 13 : 0
Drills down subsequent to 1 August 1856
Charged in Account to 30 April 1857
?? which owe 6 Nov1857------------------------------------1500 : 0 : 0

Forward   2359 : 13 : 0        4,764 : 18 :9
Invoice Stoves for 1857--------------------------------------96 :14 : 11
Balance of ?? for 30 April -----------------------------------  5 :  :9  :11

                                                                                         2,461 :17 :10

  Interest on £2461 :17 :10 from 30 April
To 21 November 1857 @ 4% ------------------------------ 55 :6 :2                   2, 517: 4:0 
Balance                                                                                                              £2,247:14:9

The profits of the last year leaving £2,517 : 14 : 0 subject to the results of opinion of council

                                                                                                ?? dearest Sirs

                                                                                                Yours very truly

                                                                                                Josh Manyat and Sons



Georges Plain

Messer C Fletcher Savanna la mar Jamaica

December 7th 1857


                                More esteemed favour dated 28th October also George Whitley Esq.’s letter with power of attorney to Mr McFarlane I have to acknowledge he is now willing to accept the trust you have reposed in him provided you have not appointed any one else – from the very heavy rains during the greatest part of this month and which has continued till now will I fear retard in a great monsoon  and very great quantity of produce being made before Christmas I have made up to the 6th Ins 15 hogsheads and 2 large barrels for Mr Watt of real good sugar I am much in want of the supplies having used all that remained from last crop I have written Messer’s Frankie & co offering them the Rum crop which if I can dispose will prevent my having to draw bills, having to pay for lumber this month. I have drawn on you for £300 less 1% discount in favour of Mr Clough Esq. at 90 days after right the banks will not discount for less than 1 ½ %

                I remain gentlemen
               Your faithful & obedient servant
               Alexander Davies


Bellisle 21st December 1857

Alexander Davies Esquire

Dear Sir,

            A similar case to that of Georges Plain descending by entail on the death of the former owner , occurred some years back on the death of Mr. Barham the former proprietor of the Mesopatainia Estate the property descending to his son the widow of the deceased (now Lady Clarudon) sued for a writ of entitlements and I acted as a ?? council were engaged on both sides and the law fully explained it was decided that the estate of deceased was entitled to installments on the growing crop In the case of Georges Plain I should be of the opinion that all your accounts should be closed as of 18th March all produce thus made and expenses incurred being carried to the account of the late Mr. Watt deceased and no charges against such produce as the expenses of freight etc would appear in the account sales thereof – further that whatever sugar was made after that date obviously becomes the property of the party entailing under the entail subject however to the charges of all expenses incurred in cultivation and bringing the canes bought to maturity also to the charge of all casks containing sugar and rum so made which had been provided at the charge of deceased as well as the expenses incurred in planting and cleaning the full plant canes retained for the ensuing years crop to that date these items you can easily supply from your pay less all the paid alluded to.

                        Yours faithfully

                        Benjamin Vickers

London 29 December 1857

Messer’s Lightfoot, Earnshaw and Frankish

Dear Sirs,

                We beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter of 24th inst informing us that you were instructed by the executors of the late Mr Watt to ?? their consent to me paying £2000 (two thousand pounds to Mr Watt of Speke on account of the proceeds of the Georges Plain Estate, Jamaica. This we do today to Messer’s Heywood, Kennard & Co to his credit with Arthur Heywood, sons & Co of Liverpool

                Wishing you all the compliments of the season

We are dear sirs
Yours very truly
Josh Marryat &sons

Great Bountty, Colchester, Epsom

January 22 1858


                I have sent ? from and ? 19th inst ? have ? the case for the opinion of counsel so ? and impartially that all persons included in the ? will ? ? property appreciate ? I could not recommend any alteration to be made in the draft, should it be decided to a ? of the ? to the death of the late Mr Watt, I return to who I could effect the requisite information on my return to Jamaica. I have pencilled in a draft statement of produce and manufacture at Georges Plain to the 18th March 1855. To the best of my memory there are a ? horned stock at G P belonging to estate of Mr Watt but I cant give particulars at this distance. May I assume if it is ? intention to ? the ? services of Mr ? W Mackerson

You sirs

? ?

? ? 

22 July 1858

Mr Thompson

Great Bountty, Colchester, Epsom

January 22 1858


I have ?? ?? from and ?? 19th ?? and have took the case for the opinion of counsel to state and impartiality that all persons interested in this ?? which I am sure properly officiated it I could not ?? any objection to be made in the draft. Should it be decided that the executors are only entitled to a portion of the ?? to be ??of the late Mr Watt. I ?? to ?? I could affect the ?? information on my return to Jamaica, I have ?? in the draft statment of purchase and ?? at Georges Plain to be 18th March 1835. To the best of my memory there are a ?? horned stock at ?? belonging to estate of Mr Watt but I cant give particulars at this distance, thus I am ?? if it is ?? ?? plantation to ?? the ?? ?? of Mr N W Mackenzie

Dear sirs

?? ??

Mr K Mowbray

6 Lawrence Powntney lane
London E.C

Messer’s Lightfoot, Earnshaw & Frankish
                                  Hull                                                      23 July 1858


            Enclosed we hand you the accounts you requested us to make out showing the proportion due to the executors of the late Richard watt as tenant for life of the Georges Plain Estate, and that coming to his grandson as tenant in tail, of the sum £4764.18.9, balance of account due by us and rendered on 1 November 1857. The accounts are made up in accordance with the opinion of Mr Jackson by which the tenant in tail is to account to the executors of the tenant for life for the value of the crop to 1 August 1855, deducting the expenses of the estate up to that time. For this purpose and account commencing on 1 May 1855 and ending on 30 April 1856 is distributed as follows.

By the debit side the tenant for life is charged with the balance against the estate on 1 May 1855 by £474.8.0 and in addition the four following sums £4.0.6 - £500.0.0 - £200.0.0 - £353.3.9 together £1057.4.3 of which amount £1053.3.9 consists of bills drawn by Mr Thompson the attorney in Jamaica for the amount expenses to 1 August 1855, the last one £353.3.9 being drawn to balance the account to that date as may be seen by his account not herewith Mr Thompson’s 2 bills of September 1854 January 1855 for £500 cash, mentioned in same account were debited in our account 1854-5 and had consequently been already paid by the late Mr Watt.

The credit side of the account consists of the proceeds of the crop 1855 (particulars of which are detailed in Mr Thompson’s account) two items of which £162.15.6 and £205.2.9 being the proceeds of 37 puncheons of Rum not sold till 1856 will be found credited in the account sent before the years 1856 to 7.

The result shows the amount due to the executors of Mr Watt to be with interest from 1 May 1856 to 21 November 1857 £2271.6.8

Due the tenant in tail                                    £2493.12.1

of which he has already received £2000

This however does not include the expenses incurred by the deceased tenant for life in putting in the plant canes for crop 1856. We have no means of calculating it, we wrote to Mr Thompson on the subject but he writes us would this money that he might be able to price some information but perhaps not sufficient to be of much use, but that on his return to Jamaica in October he “could easily arrive at what is actually wanted”

            As connected with this matter we think it right to mention that observing in the estate returns ? ? in 1857, that last of the stock on the property was kept separate from the rest, as apparently belonging to Mr R Watt, we wrote and asked Mr Hislop, the attorney of the estate, he ? of it, when in reply he wrote as follows “When I took charge of Georges Plain I found in the books of the estate a small portion of the cattle in the name of Richard Watt and which I continued supposing they are not included in the entails of that property” this does not throw much light on the subject, but such as it is, we consider we ought to communicate to you.

            Hoping the accounts will prove satisfactory

            We are dear sirs
            Yours faithfully
           Josh Marryat & sons

Grinkle 30 July 1858

  My Dear Sirs ,

                                I have looked over the enclosed accounts which appear to me very intelligible – what the points are you think objectionable do most present themselves to me; but this may be owing to my knowing less of the bearing of the case than you do. I think I have discovered an error or two in the costings which I have put in pencil. These perhaps you will check  tho I have added the columns two or three times, one error is that Mr Thompson has overdrawn the oxens £3:0:0 the other is that Manyats account with Richard Watt of Speke should show £9:18:4 more due to him, to make it balance. I rather doubt the policy of submitting these accounts at present they are imperfect in as much as you cannot make any claim for preparing of the crop of 1856. There is also that item of the cattle in the books standing in the name of Richard Watt. Now nothing I fancy more impedes settlement of accounts than that I may turn after class and I should not be disposed to render any account unless it was a perfect one. If you send this account you must also state you will have further claims and very probably Mr Whitley may say “it is useful going into a partial account when you can render a complete one I will consider it” such being the case no delay could arise from you writing for the information. Mr Thompson says he can fully supply on his return to Jamaica and then he might also ascertain if the late Mr Watt had any personally there. If he had the captain take to give it up.  If you think Manyats having made out the accounts may be cause of jealousy why should the Liverpool people be told- What is it to them who makes out the accounts if they be correct- if they are not consummate fools they must be certain if manyats have not actually made out the accounts they must have finished the items for some others can, so that it is the same in the end. My notion is that Whitley should be written to, to the effect that for the purpose of rendering accounts as correct as possible you have made further inquiries and find the materials cannot be obtained until Mr Thompson can send them home after he gets out- this will be unfortunate for while we have been allowing Whitley up for procrastination we find ourselves unpaid – but this cannot be helped- If I have written a foolish letter forgive me, also for differing in opinion with you


                                                                                                Yours very truly

                                                                                                J K Watson

16th Sept 1858

Fred K Thompson

Great Bounty ??

16 September 1858

Dear Sirs,
                In answer to your ?? ?? this ?? I have to inform that my present intention is to return to Jamaica and the mail of the 17th ?? when I should be happy to return ?? any ?? we may ??

Yours faithfully

Frank K Thompson

6 Lawrence Pounmey Lane
London E.C
3 November 1858

Messer’s Lightfoot, Earnshaw & Frankish

Dear Sirs,

            In reply to your letter of yesterdays date, Mr Thompson at our request called here on Thursday last and looked over the documents in our possession relating to the Georges Plain Estate but did not find therein the information required and stated that he could only obtain this information from the books of the estate. Mr Thompson was uncertain when we saw him whether he should go out by the packet of the 1st ?? or not, as his movements depend on an interview he was to have with Mr Davies (for whom he acted in Jamaica) who was out of town. We have on enquiry written to him to suggest whether as the ?? we have state the number of plant canes on the estate when it was given over, the question might not be settled by valuing them at the average cost of production. Supposing the parties agreed to abide by the decision of two disinterested persons. As yet we have received no answer to our letter.

                        We are dear sirs
                  Yours very truly
                  Josh Marryat & sons

6 Lawrence Puntney Lane
London E.C
27 November 1858

  Messer’s Lightfoot Earnshaw & Frankish

Dear Sirs,

                        Adverting to own letter of the 3rd just we now transmit you a copy of Mr Thompson’s letters to us by which you will see that he cannot supply here the information required and that his departure for Jamaica is uncertain. We should have communicated this sooner but we were in hopes of having further from Mr Thompson (whose question respecting the date to which the expenses were to be calculated, we assume directly answered) but we have heard nothing further from him.

                        We are dear sirs



Great Bountty, November 8 1858

Dear Sirs,

            In answer to your favour I beg to say I could not inform you of the costs incurred in the planting the canes at Georges Plain they were put in in the fall of the year 1854 and cut early in 1856. Will you please state to which date you wish the expenses calculated ? have not heard of Mr Davies whenever from Saxosey, that I am unable to say when I shall sail for Jamaica

                                    Yours truly
                               Fred J Thompson

6 Lawrence Pountney Lane
London E.C
10 January 1859

  Messer’s Lightfoot Earnshaw & Frankish

Dear Sirs,

            We are in receipt of yours of 7 jus and have examined the accounts contained therein, which sums, as far as we can judge from the papers in our position to be totally correct, and taking this as a basis Mr Watt’s Account seems as follows


From 1 Aug 1854 to 31 July                        6 Ap 4 Pun Rum sold in colony           75.5.9
1855 as Mr Thompson A/C 3261.6.10 6 July 5 Pun Rum sold in colony            95.5.9
? payable by Exec                                  Mr Thompson’s A/C
R Watt’s ? Salaries 325.0.6                        37 Pun Rum shipped to London            367.18.3
                 Labour to 18                64.11.2 Sugar shipped to London            1306.16.4
March 1855 on plantation                                              portage to 30 April 1856
In your letter                 1194.11.1 1519.11.7  cattle sold in Ireland             108.0.0
                                                    1,741.15.3                                                               1953.0.4
                                                                      Expenses                                              1741.15.3
Leaving a balance of                                                                                             £211.5.1

½ credits of Mr Watt of Speke which is so much more than he would have received by the mode in which we made up the accounts forwarded in our letter of 23 July last according to which Mr R Watt the tenant for life took the whole crop of 1855 paying the expenses to 1 August of that year. This however till leaves in abeyance the question of expenses incurred by the tenant for life, in planting and cleaning the plant canes it is to be requested that Mr Davies making out his statement is not take that into account and we do not see how it is to be arrived at until Mr Thompson returns to Jamaica

            We are sirs
            Josh Marryat & sons

6 Lawrence Pountney Lane
London E.C
8 April 1859

  Messer’s Lightfoot Earnshaw & Frankish



                                    Your dear sirs
                                  Yours very truly
                                  Josh Marryat & sons

24 April 1859        

Mr Thompson ?? Commercial ?? ?? his department

Great Bountty 24 April 1859

Dear Sirs

                I have to inform you that I am going out to Jamaica and the ?? of the 2nd ?? a letter addressed to me or messer’s Boddington and Cpt London, to be left, to be called for, would wish me should I have any thing to communicate unto him to my fortune



                                                Yours faithfully

                                                ?? ?? Banbury

29 April 1859

Mr Thompson

Great Bountty 29April 1859

Dear Sirs,

                I was about in some ?? when your letter arrived. I want to inform ?? that owing to the illness of one of my children I am unable to leave for Jamaica and it’s now quite uncertain when I shall go there I think ?? had better allow me to request my depart to that island to arrange Mr Watt’s other matters, this should ?? a letter empowering Mr Edward Sharp to see the books if it is necessary. The accounts ?? referred to will not be required. I believe there are some 60 head of horned stock belonging to Mr Watt’s estate which he could claim the value of I should imagine


                                Dear Sirs

                                Yours faithfully

                                ?? ?? ??

2 Feb 1860

Mr Thompson




Yours faithfully

Joseph Marryat & sons

Dear Sirs,

             I have ?? ?? from when I last had the pleasure of seeing ??. I was under the impression there were some 50 head of cattle belonging to late Mr Watt’s estate (when I took  ?? from Mr Hislop) but it appears in this I have been mistaken as only 13 is the correct number which I think are worth about £100. I am of opinion these might be ?? to the new plantation of Georges Plain ?? ?? £8.10 per acre for the plant canes. I shall be happy to furnish any other information you may require if it lies in my power


6 Lawrence Powney Lane
London E.C
3 February 1860

Messer’s Lightfoot, Earnshaw & Frankish

Dear Sirs,

            The object of the presents is to inform you that Mr R Watt called here on Monday (when we were unfortunately out) and left us a copy of a letter from Mr J Thompson dated 23 January which we understand he received from you. By this we remark he states the quantity of canes for the cultivation of which the executors might have credit is 62 acres valued at £8.10 per acre. That the stock belonging to Mr Watt consists of only 3 horned cattle the value of which he does not name.

            As Mr Watt’s requests we wrote at ?? to Mr Thompson on request of the amount who considers £100 to be the value as you will see by his note enclosed. Assuming that Mr Watt consents to this, the deduction to be made will be £527 for the canes and £100 for the cattle, together £627 which exceeds the balance of his credit (after payment of £2000 to him) by £123.7.11


            Dear Sir
                    Josh Manyat and sons


                                                              20 December 1867

Jamaica Estate

          Mr. Caleb Fletcher has just paid me the sum of £544.0.4. balance due 31st inst. which is a great improvement upon former years


                                                                                28 Aug 1869

Dear Sir,

                                Being Saturday & having therefore a couple of hours quiet before closing I had sat down to write to you when your of the 27th arrived –

Jamaica Estate

            I have had two interviews with Mr. Fletcher lately (who I am glad to say is better & able to walk upstairs) and gone fully into the state of this unfortunate property & my own opinion is that we should not be justified in abandoning it at the present although the outlay will be something fearful. Mr. Whitelock having given up the management and having put Mr. Ewen, who it appears is a good man in charge, I think we may properly wait another twelve months for his report and advice and if no improvement takes place we ought then to take the opinion of the court of the course we ought to pursue. It will be necessary that Mr. Ewen should act under a new Power of Attorney which I will send for your signature when Mr. Fletcher hears that Mr. Ewen has accepted the trust. I am quite inclined to think that the badness of the times and the depreciation of West India property may be ascribed the unfavourable position of the Island. Mr. Fletcher has not yet been able to refer me to an agent here to occupy his place.



  Grange Hill P.O.

                                                                     Jamaica 8th Dec 1869

George Whitley Esq.

Dear Sir,
    I have duly received your favour of 29th Oct. last, and accompanying Power of Attorney from the late Mr. Watt’s Trustees, for the Management of “George’s Plain” Estate.
  Will you be good enough to assure your co trustee that my very best efforts shall be used in the management of the property, and I shall have no doubt of a profitable result, if sugar will only continue to bear a fair price.   I do not consider it necessary that Mr. Watt’s Will should be recorded at the Island Registry, unless anything in the nature of a conveyance or new Trust Deed should become necessary

                                                I am Dear Sir
                                                 Yrs faithfully
                                                 Will Ewen


             11 December 1869

George’s Plain Estate

          Mr. Fletcher called on me a few days since and shewed me a correspondence with Mr. Ewen (the present Manager) who does not give a very encouraging account of the aspect of affairs in the Island but hopes by good management to be able in the course of time to put matters in a better light & he must therefore I suppose have a fair trial. I am waiting to hear from Mr. Ewen that he has received his Power of Attorney when I shall have to trouble you to sign another dormant Power to enable another party to act in case of the death or absence from the Island of Mr. Ewen.



                                                          28 December 1869

Dear Sir,

George’s Plain Estate

          I have had a long interview this morning with Mr. Caleb Fletcher and gone through the accounts with him, they seem to me to be kept in a satisfactory manner so far as I can judge but of course it is quite impossible either for myself or Mr. Fletcher to check them when the real management of the estate devolves entirely on the Agent in the Island.

          Mr. F’s explanation as to the boiler is also, I think, satisfactory though the cost is great. There can be no comparison between the one sent out for use on a Sugar Plantation in the West Indies and one made for a general purpose in this country as the construction is totally different and the former one much more expensive.

          I enclose a cheque on Heywood & Co: for £1,204.19.3 balance due to Mr. Fletcher which I will thank you to sign & return to me and I will not sign it until handed over to Mr. F

          I can only hope that with a new agent the estate will be more prosperous.

          Mr. Ewen has not yet acknowledged the receipt of my letter containing his Power of Attorney.

                                                          I am Dear Sir

                                                            Yrs’ faithfully

                                                               Geo. Whitley


Liverpool                                                           23 November 1870


Dear Sir,

George’s Plain Estate, Jamaica.

          It will no doubt have occurred to you as it did to me on the death of Mr. Caleb Fletcher that a new arrangement must be entered into as to the future management of this property.

          I singularly enough yesterday when I was meditating on the subject, the Revd. Mr. Gardner a Clergyman in this neighbourhood & a relation of Mrs. Gardner of Chester whom I have known for many years called on me and introduced a gentleman as “Mr. Cliff” who he said would explain the object of his visit, he turned out to be the party from whom you may recollect Mr. Fletcher 2 or 3 years ago recommended as his successor as Mr. Watt’s Agent as he (Fletcher) was then desirous of giving up the trust, he was recommended by Mr. George Hall Lawrence (since dead) who was a very competent judge. We had a long conversation and I requested him (Mr. Cliff) to reduce his proposition into writing that I might forward it to you for consideration, this I enclose. I know that the produce of George’s plain estate was constantly shipped in Mr. Cliff’s vessels and he appears to me to be the sight man. He speaks very highly of Mr. Ewen, and I think we may consider ourselves fortunate if we secure his services.


                                                          Liverpool                                                           30 November 1870

Dear Sir,

George’s plain estate

          Have you heard from Sir Wm. Gordon? We come to an early determination as to the appointment of an Agent here as I find from Mr. Fletcher’s clerk that the following Bills are now running and must be met when at maturity

Drawn by                         Accepted by                            When due
£250 – W. Ewen             C. Fletcher                               15 Dec 1870
£271/12/-     do                       do                                     15 Jan 1871
£250                do                       do                                       1 Feb 1871
£300               do                        do                                  2 March 1871
                                       Alfred Fletcher         

Accepted payable @ Roberts Lubbock & Co
Bankers, London

          I understand Mr. Alfred Fletcher is the acting Executor of his Uncle.

          I have just received the Estate accounts which I will examine & forward tomorrow.

                                                I am Dear Sir
                                                   Yrs faithfully,
                                                     Geo. Whitley

James Sprot Esqre


Dear Sir,

George’s plain estate

          I quite agree with your reasoning that as we have a new Liverpool Manager we may properly by the experiment of our own management for a limited period before we think of selling, I had a long interview this morning with Mr. Cliff who is of course very well up to his business but he has at present no information to work upon, I subsequently saw Mr. Fletchers Clerk and arranged with him that he should tomorrow call upon Mr. Cliff and afford any explanations in his power but unfortunately all his books were in the hands of Mr. Fletcher at the time of his decease and cannot at present be referred to. The principal difficulty is the 4 rather large bills which are now running (the first due 15th inst. and we cannot ascertain what, if any, funds are in hand to meet them the season’s produce of the estate has however been sold. If nothing turns up Mr. Watt’s estate will have to take the responsibility of the bills. Mr. Tyndall Bright called upon me yesterday & seemed

          I was much pleased with Miss Gordon’s recommendation – nothing could have been better.

                                                I am Dear Sir
                                                   Yrs faithfully,
                                                   Geo. Whitley

James Sprot Esqre



                                                          Liverpool                                                           8 December 1870

Dear Sir,

George’s plain estate

          I sent up Mr. Morrison (Mr. Fletcher’s Clerk) this morning to Mr. Cliff and the letter, a copy of which I annex, is the result. I think we had better fall into Mr. Cliff’s views and not mix up our estate funds with those of Jamaica and if it meets with your approbation will instruct him accordingly as it may be on examination of Mr. Fletcher’s books that there may be a balance in hand which will partially meet the present demand. You will observe the first bill comes due on the 15th instant.

                                                I am Dear Sir
                                                  Yrs faithfully,
                                                    Geo. Whitley

James Sprot Esqre

                                                          Liverpool               13 December 1870

Dear Sir,

                    I am in receipt of your letter of the 12th instant and am very sorry to hear of the circumstance which has occurred to prevent your early visit here though I hope we shall soon have the pleasure of seeing you.

George’s plain estate

          I am glad you approve of the separation of the accounts from those of the Estate. I have had another interview with Mr. Cliff & arranged that he shall take up the running Bills in the usual course of trade they being drawn against the crop of 1871 which will pass through his hands. He informs me that it is now absolutely necessary to send out a quantity of Guano for the proper culture of the estate & I promised that I would take your directions regarding it. Mr. Morrison (Mr. Fletcher’s Clerk) has not yet got the books & until we see them we can have no idea how the account stands.

          Since the above was written I have received a note from Mr. Cliff of which I enclose a copy and I am glad as time was pressing that he has already sent off the Guano, & immediately afterwards Mr. Fletcher called and I settled with him that he and Mr. Cliff should make their own arrangements as to taking up the Bills as they are drawn by Mr. Ewen upon & accepted by Caleb Fletcher & Co & much consequently pass through their Bankers (Messrs Leyland & Bullins) who do not happen to be Mr. Cliff’s Bankers. Mr. C’s latter of which I sent you a copy merely refers to some earlier account which I sent him to inspect that he might know on what principle Mr. Fletcher had kept them.

          I have not heard any particulars of Mr. Fletcher’s will but have no doubt he has remembered Mrs. Hewson


                                                          22nd Feb. 1871

Dear Sir

“George’s Plain” Estate

          I send herewith copy letter recd. from Mr. Ewen.

                                                          I am Dear Sir

                                                             Yrs faithfully,

                                                                   Geo. Whitley

James Sprot Esqre


                                                                   Grange Hill P.O.

                                                                   Jamaica, 21 Jan 1871

James Sprot Esqre


Geo Whitley Esqre

Executors of the Will of Richd. Watt Esqre deceased

Dear Sir,

          I am in due receipt of your favor of 28th Ulto advising me that the management of the business of “George’s Plain” Estate has been undertaken by William Cliff Esquire in consequence of the lamented death of the late Mr. Fletcher, & your instructions in every respect will be attended to.

          I am very glad to hear that you have given up all thought of selling the Estate & hope you have received from Mr. Fletcher Extracts from all my late letters on that subject, in case you should be impressed by circumstances at any future date to renew your intention of selling, which I have never recommended.

          From one paragraph of your letter, it appears to me that you have not been fully acquainted by Mr. Fletcher with the serious loss of cattle, which took place in the last year of Mr. Whitelock’s Attorneyship when the Estate was solely in his management, over 90 head then died & with the small crop I found in the cane fields I have not hitherto been able to increase the outlay by any great purchase of Stock to replace them. The Crop of next year will however be much larger, (over 200 Hhds I hope for) and it will not be prudent in me to proceed in increasing the cane field, without considerable purchase of working cattle hereafter.

          I shall do everything in my power by prudence & economy to restore the condition of the trust Estate, and thanking you for this renewal of confidence.

                                                I am Dear Sirs

                                                     Yours truly,

                                                          Will. Ewen

                                                50 & 51, The Albany, Old Hall Street,

                                                          Liverpool. 6th Decr. 1871

Dear Mr. Sprot,

                    Last week India Mail brought me Mr. Fisher’s Report on George’s Plain Estate which is quite satisfactory as regards Mr. Ewen’s management although it is evident there has been much previous mismanagement & that the Estate has been allowed to get into a low condition from a false economy under which it was impossible to make it pay. It appears that the Estate ought to have had 300 cattle instead of the present number of 215 and as there is plenty of grass for the larger quantity this has been a great mistake – for the extra manure from 85 Head of Stock would have caused a much larger yield of Produce with very little extra expense beyond the first cost of the extra stock which would have been a charge for one year only, whilst the increased crops would be continuous. Those with but slight knowledge of agriculture in this Country must be aware that a Farm well manured will pay well, which if starved will lose money & the same applies to Sugar Estates in Jamaica. I have had a conference with Mr. Whitley to day and read Mr. Fisher’s report to him and he agrees with what I recommend namely; that I send a copy of the Report to Mr. Ewen and request him to say which of Mr. Fisher’s suggestions he would wish carried out. No doubt he has

been checked from recommending all he would desire feeling the necessity of economy in face of a very small crop, but this small crop has been brought about by a false economy, starving the Estate, which has had the effect of gradually reducing the Crops until the present years Crop is the smallest which I think I ever remember by a good deal. Next year promises better, if Mr. Ewen is permitted a necessary outlay to restore the Estate to condition. I have no doubt the crops in a few years will be greatly increased, and if it does not then pay (which there is no cause to apprehend) its value for sale will be very much enhanced.

          With regard to the increase of Cattle there can be no question as to the immediate benefit to be derived from them and with your approbation will write to Mr. Ewen by next mail to purchase the extra quantity as he sees fit & of a larger size as recommended by Mr. Fisher.           I am glad to here from Mr. Whitley that under Mr. Hutton’s treatment your lameness is likely to be cured. I am very sorry you suffered so much but I hope this will be compensated for by the complete restoration of your limb. In addition to his report I send you at foot of this, extract from his (Mr. Fisher’s) Letter to me enclosing it, which is also very satisfactory as regards Mr. Ewen & only confirms my previous opinion of him

                                                          Yours sincerely

Please return copy of                                    William Cliff

Mr. Fisher’s Report

Extract. J. W. Fisher to W. Cliff. Jamaica 6 Nov 1871


“I have now the pleasure to hand you for satisfaction of the Trustees my Report upon this Estate (George’s Plain) which I hope will be found as full & comprehensive as you may require. I cannot lose this opportunity of expressing my sense of the candid & open manner in which Mr. Ewen afforded me all the information I wanted and otherwise facilitated the enquiry. He seems thoroughly conversant with every (---) on the Estate and is a careful & attentive manager. The matter of the anonymous letter, from the documents shewn and the facts stated to me appears to have emanated from some Party desirous of purchasing the Property. The conditions of the Estate & Stock contradict the anonymous insinuations most flatly. Twenty Guineas will cover my expenses and trouble in the business”

P.S. Taking into account that Mr. Fisher had a long distance to travel & that his visit to George’s Plain would probably occupy three days his charge is moderate. W.C.


George’s Plain Crop shipped for year 1871

Pr.          Fatima                  42 Hhds Sugar &       30 Puns Rum

Pr      M. Needham          36          do                          20          do

Pr.     Guata Packet          42 Hhds 4 Bils            21          do

                    Total          120 Hhds 4 Bils Sugar          71 Puns Rum


                                                             20 February 1872

Dear Sir,

          I beg to acknowledge the receipts of your letters of the 12th and 17th instant.

George’s plain estate

          I called on Mr. Cliff yesterday and had a long interview with him and he read over to me his correspondence with Mr. Ewen which seemed to me satisfactory and as if the property was in a fair way of improvement under the new management. I explained to Mr. Cliff your observations on the accounts and the great expense of freight charges &c, these he says are usual in the management of all West India estates and are always allowed. As to “Estate supplies” (I know from another source) even down to rat traps are sent out as a matter of course as they are not obtainable abroad on favourable terms. I duly received your cheque for £899.5.3. which together with £6.3.2. I paid to Mr. Cliff which settles his account up to the 31st Dec last.

50 & 51, The Albany

                                                          Liverpool     18th Oct 1872

Jas. Sprot Esq.

Spott House


  Dear Mr. Sprot,

          I send you herewith my last two letters from Mr. Ewen by which you will be much gratified like myself to find that, although this years crop at George’s Plain has surpassed the last by 50 Hhds: there is a good prospect of a further increase next year again, & this contrasted with the sad prospects for Sugar Estates in other parts of the Island is still more satisfactory as regards George’s Plain and when all the increased Stock are bought and paid for and we thus start fair with the estate restored to proper condition I am sanguine it will prove a valuable remunerative property. The “Fatima” has arrived with the last of the crop. I have sold the Rums both by her & the “Marion” 45 puns & 1 Hhd sugar (Fatima’s not yet landed) & Marion and Fatima are not yet sold, as prices have been depressed & both my

Broker & myself looked for an improvement by holding, but so far it has not come, and I have instructed my Brokers to get the best offer they can when the demand revives & submit it to me, and if it is a fair one

I am disposed to sell as I don’t like holding much longer with uncertainty as to my benefit, & having made a capital sale of the 100 Hhds “Guatemala Packet” I can better afford to accept a lower price for the balance. “The Fatima” has brought R. W. 5 kegs Tamarinds, please say by return of post how you wish them disposed of. My private note referred to in one of Mr. Ewen’s letters was relating to a wooden leg for his young daughter particulars of which he has asked me to procure for him. I was keeping back account sales until I could send for all the crop 1872, but as it will be some time before this can be done and I am sure you will be gratified with the result of sales of produce for “Guatemala Packet” I will send them with this viz. R.W. 100 Hhds sugar -?- £1981.19.4 and 40 puns Rum £636.9.4. Mr. Ewen has not yet sent his account for year ending 31st July last which I have written for. It has been delayed owing to his illness but I hope to receive it shortly.

Hoping this will find you much improved in your lameness.

                                                I remain, Yours sincerely,

                                                          William Cliff

P.S. Mr. Gordon Brown was recently several weeks at Buxton from which he seems to have benefited much by a note from him lately by which he seems to be walking much better. Miss Gordon is now there for Rheumatism I think. Please return Mr. Ewen’s letters when finished with.


50 & 51 The Albany

                             Liverpool     4th Novm 1873

James Sprot Esqre.

My dear Sir,

I have to acknowledge the receipt of your favor dated 1st instant.

I send you annexed extract from my letter per mail of the 1st instant to Mr. Ewen by which you will perceive I had anticipated your desire in the necessity of knowing the probable cost of a Centrifugal Machine for George’s Plain including all as the cost of fixing up I understand is considerable and requires to be placed on a strong foundation & to be very substantially fixed up. I also enclose copy of a note I have written to Messrs Mirlees Tait & Co the great machinery manufacturers at Glasgow. There is plenty of time to make full enquiry & it will require caution before deciding. I enclose receipt for your keg of Tamarinds per M. W. Railway which will deliver at Dunbar. I hope soon to advise sale of Balance of Sugar

                                                Yours sincerely

                                                                   Willm. Cliff

Extract from Wm. Cliffs letter to Wm. Ewen dated

                                                          Liverpool 1st Nov 1873

I have received your two favors the last dated 8th Oct. I have sent your letter respecting centrifugals to one of the trustees for Georges Plain with my own remarks in favor of adoption but have not yet his reply. I shall be glad if you can ascertain & inform me the total cost of the same all fitted up for work as it is too late for next crop it will give you time to obtain the required information.

                                                                   4 Nov 1873

Messrs Mirlees Tait & Watson,

dear Sirs,          I have lately received a letter from the Attorney of an Estate in Jamaica under my management which makes about 200 Hogsheads wishing a centrifugal machine to be sent out for improving the quality of the Sugar and to save waste by drainage on the Voyage home. He remarks as follows “The best pattern of centrifugals ( Weston’s) are made in the United States & will be found cheaper if imported here direct than if procured per their English agent”

I am informed that you make Weston’s Centrifugals & shall feel obliged by your informing me whether you can do so cheaper than in America and what your charge is delivered with and without steam engine to work it as there is an engine for grinding canes on the Estate but I don’t know whether it can be applied to work the centrifugal I have been informed by a Merchant here largely interested in Demerara Estates that he has tried two of Weston’s Centrifugals there, and does not approve of them as they extract part of the Sugar with the molasses & being expensive things before they are fixed up ready for work, he does not think the advantage obtained from them compensates for the outlay & expense of Fuel &c.

If you can give me any information as to your experience of Estates in Jamaica that have then I shall be glad.           

                                                                     I remain dear Sirs

                                                                             Yours truly

            William Cliff

          50 & 51 The Albany, Old Hall Street

                                                          Liverpool 6 Novm 1873

James Sprot Esqre

My Dear Sir

          I enclose you a letter & specifications I have received from Messrs Mirlees Tait & Watson. The cost here is not a very serious matter. I think my best plan will be to send Mr. Ewen Messrs Mirlees & Co’s letter & Tenders per next mail which will enable him to compare prices with those supplied from America. I however think it would be better to get them from England even if a little dearer, as I think the quality would be better which is very important in Machinery and if anything went wrong we should have a better chance of getting redress.

          I wrote a few lines to Mrs. Hewson yesterday to say by your request I had forwarded to her a Keg of Tamarinds and at the same time I sent her a Bag of Sugar & a 2 Gallon Jar of Rum

                                                          Yours sincerely

                                                                   William Cliff

Please return Messrs Mirlees & Co’s documents with any opinion you have to express. Sugar a little lower since I sold & I cannot get valuations of these per Guatemala Pkt the last arrival

                                                          15 Novm. 73

My Dear Sir,

          I send you herewith George’s Plain Account for Crop 1873 shewing a Balance in favor of the Estate cash 31st Instant of £127.15.10. Had Sugar remained at the same value as in 1872 there would have been a balance of £1000 at the Credit but its very great depression has caused many Jamaica Estates to lose heavily and two belonging to the same Proprietor which are under my management have lost upwards of £1800 having made short Crops in addition to suffering from the very low price of Sugar. There would have been a loss on George’s Plain had it not been for the sales of Logwood cut on the Estate which you will perceive by the amount realised £474.3.7. This sum is however not clear profit made on Logwood as in Mr. Ewen’s annual account for 1873 crop £241.17.3 is charged for expenses of cutting, cleaning & shipping it which leaves actual profit made on Logwood £232.6.4. so that without any credit for Logwood the Estate would have lost £104.10.6. by 1873 Crop. I send you also with this Mr. Ewen’s acct current for 1873 Crop which has been examined & found correct. The Balance of £689.3.3. in his favor per said account he has since drawn on me for, and is charged in my account. My Cash Keeper will call on you tomorrow with the balance due from me & Interest thereon to the 31st Instant although small it is certainly a favorable contrast to the heavy losses of past years & if Sugar only returns to a fair remunerative price I hope to do better hereafter. Mr. Ewen has asked permission to come home next June to place some of his children at School & to return shortly in the mean time I have -?- efficient person to manage for him. As Crop will then be over and it will give yourself & Mr. Sprot an opportunity of making Mr. Ewen’s acquaintance & making any needful enquiries from him. I recommend that the Trustees give their consent. Mr. Sprot has written me that he would wish it if you are agreeable to it and as tomorrow is West Indies Mail day I will call at your office about 11o’Clock to confer with you about it so that I may give Mr. Ewen an answer.

                                                          Yours sincerely,

                                                                   William Cliff

Geo Whitley Esq.

P.S. The Account Sales of Produce included in my account are being copied and will handed to you shortly.

I will send Mr. Sprot a copy of this note for his information


50 & 51 The Albany

                                       Liverpool     2nd Dec 1873

Dear Mr. Sprot,

          I enclose you a letter received from Mr. Ewen by last W I mail which please return at your leisure.

          The most important part of it is the question of permission to come home next June leaving a substitute to manage the Estate in the mean time.

          It is a common favor to ask and as crop will then be over & it is a pressing necessity that calls him to England & his absence will be only short. I recommend that his wish be complied with. It may also give you the opportunity of making his personal acquaintance and making all needful enquiries. I am sorry dry weather had set in too soon. I wrote him your hints for treatment of cattle with foot & mouth disease, also to send a keg of Tamarinds next year with more fruit and less syrup. Hoping you have arrived home safe and well. I remain; Yours sincerely

                                                          William Cliff

James Sprot Esq.


                                                          50 & 51 The Albany

                                                Liverpool.    15th Oct. 1874

Dear Mr. Sprot,

          I enclose you the two last letters I have received from Mr. Ewen & a statement of requirements to put George’s Plain Estate into profitable working condition which I shall feel obliged by your returning to me after perusal. I also enclose copy of my last letter to him which you can keep. I think I advised you of my sale of the first 50 puns Rum pr Quito at 4/9. I have since sold the Balance of Rum 29 puns pr Guata Packet at 4/8 pr Gallon being 3s/2d pr Gall more than last years sales. I am holding the Balance of Sugar pr Guata Packet for a better price. The market is dull at present but when it revives I hope to sell. Mrs. Ewen called at my office a few days since & said Mr. Ewen is not coming home this year which I am not sorry for. I never saw her before, she has placed 3 little girls of theirs with a sister of Mr. Ewen’s who resides at Gateacre & has placed their son aged 14 at a public school in the south and returns herself to Jama by the next mail.                                  Yours sincerely,

                                                                   William Cliff.

James Sprot Esqre


I also enclose a recapitulation of Stock Account on George’s Plain made out by myself from the monthly returns sent from Jamaica and which you can keep. It will enable you the better to understand the remarks in my letter to Mr. Ewen respecting decrease of Stock.         W.C.

Recapitulation of Stock Accounts revised from Wm. Ewen Esqre. Attorney for George’s Plain Estate (in monthly returns) for year ending 31st July 1874

Quantity of Stock on the Estate on 31st July 1873                                                         303

1874    Bought 18 steers, 2 speyed heifers, June droppings 3 Bull & 7 cow calves    30


                                                            Deduct Decrease

Sold 2, Died 4 whilst fattening(from old age or disability) 3 calves, 14 steers)

                        5 heifers & 2 cows                                                    total         )             30


July 31             Remaining on Estate this day                                                             303

Cause of death

4 Sold, 16 from cough,5 from disability, 1 old age, 1 calf stolen

on morass, 4 no cause assigned,1 broken leg,             total deaths                            30

1873                            Monthly Decrease            1874

Aug.     1 calf died, 1 sold                              Febry.             1 fattening & 1 heifer disability

Sept.    2 Steers & I Heifer died                   March              No Loss

Oct.     5   do died from cough               April            1 calf broken leg

Novm   2   do & 1 heifer  do                           May            1   do stolen, 1 steer sold

Dec.     1   do & 1 cow disability                       June            1 fattening cough

                                    1 heifer cough 

1874                                                                July            1      do & 4 Steers cough

Jany.    1 cow debility, 1 heifer cough, 1 old age

                                                            W. Cliff

                                                                        2 Novm. 74

Hale, Near Milnethorpe

                                                                   20 Octo. 1874


                                                                             West Derby

My dear Mr. Sprot,  Your long note has been forwarded to me here where I am shooting a few days & return on Thursday. Please drop me a line that I may know when you will be in Liverpool & when I could meet you.

We have a very large House now & if yourself alone or accompanied by Mrs. Sprot & Miss Watt think you would be more comfortable at a private House than at a hotel Mrs & myself will always be happy to see you or otherwise if you will dine and spend an evening with us when we should have ample time to talk over Jama matters. You will remember saying you thought me rather hard in one of my letter to Mr. Ewing (?) I think I may retort a little as I think you are rather too hard upon him in your last note to me. I will defer going into details as it will be much more satisfactory to talk all matters over. The 12 months loss of cattle is by no means more than usual on a Jama Estate on so many as 300 as they are liable to many casualties, but I should like if possible to see the inevitable annual loss made good by breedings on the Estate. I called attention to the loss in writing to him to induce every possible care on his part rather than that I thought the loss excessive and as regards his estimate for putting the Estate in every respect in efficient order you must bear in mind this suggestion came from us and not from him as I have remarked before whom the Estate belongs to, to give if a fair chance of profit it ought to be put in the best condition and with every means of making it profitable. If the Estate was owned by a resident in Jamaica who could afford to do so I have no doubt he would do what Mr. Ewen has recommended, as your Estate can afford the outlay I think it would be mistaken policy not to carry it out. If after doing so the Estate is still unprofitable the outlay in the whole or partially be recovered by the increased value of the Estate on selling. Excuse this hurried note & Believe me

                             Yours sincerely

                                       William Cliff

My oldest Son (5 years in my office) is in delicate health & medical man has recommended a Voy. In  sailing ship & I have some thought of letting him go on my next ship the Guata Packet to sail all this month in which case I would let him visit George’s Plain & learn all about Mr. Ewen’s position and character as a planter. I have every confidence in him myself.


I have a note to day from my old Friend Mr. Gordon Brown? (Miss Gordon’s Cousin) inviting Mrs. C and myself to visit them at Lochanhead near Dumfries. I have replied I hope to do so on the 6th Novm as my wife is delicate & I think the change may do her good. I name this that you may know I shall not be in Liverpool between then and the 13th. W.C.

                                                            50 & 51 The Albany, Old Hall Street,


Dear Mr. Sprot,

          My last letter to you was written from my shooting quarters, since when I have not heard from you and shall be glad if you will inform me whether you are likely to be in Liverpool before the 6th. I resume when I have promised to visit Mr. Brown in Scotland. I have letters from Jamaica to day including one from Mr. Ewen from which I annex extract respecting George’s Plain by which you will learn he has drawn a Bill for £149.10.1. to close 1874 Crop and to a point, as I wished & requested him, another Bill for £200 on account of the usual expenses connected with 1875 Crop account and a third one for £300 being special to buy additional Cattle for the improvement of the Estate as recommended by him & authorized by us. I hope you will not regret giving your consent to the necessary outlay for putting George’s Plain in the best possible condition. I am quite satisfied it is the best policy. I believe Mr. Ewen to be conscientious and practical and that he will not advise any expenditure that will not permanently benefit the Estate, and it would be a pity and I think a great mistake, having shewn confidence in him by authorizing him to do what is necessary now to withdraw that confidence. In writing to him by next mail I will therefore say nothing about your being unwilling to sanction a Centrifugal for as he has been already advised that it must not be ordered from America but would be sent from this Country it will give you time to further consider the matter.

          With regard to decrease of cattle in Jamaica I have just received a monthly return to the 3rd instant from a Pen (farm) in that Island under my care, and on 206 stead there has been a loss of 3 in the month namely 2 from ‘debility’ and 1 from ‘purging’, this is equal to 18 pr cent pr ann. whilst the loss on George’s Plain for the year has been 10 pr cent without giving credit for increase by births so that the comparison is much in favor of George’s Plain, at the same time in writing to Mr. Ewen I thought it well to make much of the loss that every future care might be taken.

          I have been holding the last import of George’s Plain 1874 Crop of Sugar say 44 hhds & 1 ? pr Guata Packet for an improvement in price and have gained my object as it is worth considerably more than on arrival and I hope shortly to sell it at a satisfactory price for although I think it will go still higher I don’t like to take the responsibility of holding too long, and if it goes higher I hope we shall get the benefit for next Crop. The low price of Sugar as I expected has greatly stimulated the consumption until the stock in the United Kingdom is now upwards of 40000 tons less than it was this time last year. If this goes on it will be greatly in favor of the future of Sugar Estates.

          My son sailed yesterday on one of my Vessels to Jama.

                                                          Yours sincerely

                                                             William Cliff

P.S. I enclose

Mr. Ewen’s note instead of extract please

let me have it by return post as I have to reply

to it out of Crop time my Vessels have to be loaded

with Logwood and Fuslic? and if there is any

cut at George’s Plain Mr. Ewen has instructions

to give it the preference over other wood offered him

for sale W.C.

James Sprot

Spot House

                                                          50 & 51 The Albany,

                                                Liverpool. 17 Novm. 1874

Dear Mr. Sprot,

          I duly received your favor dated 30th Oct. and have now to advise having sold the remainder of this years Sugar Crop namely 44 Hhds & 1 ? pr Guata Packet at 25/3 pr cwt being 2/6 pr cwt more than its value on arrival so that I have done well by holding it. The quality of George’s Plain is much superior this year than it has been for many years past & when I inform you that the very finest Jamaica Sugar by a Prices Current I received to day from London is only worth 24/6 pr cwt there, you will be able to realise this. I only wish the Crop had been equal to that of last years namely 219 Hhds instead of only 134 Hhds a & 1 Terice, then I would have realised a profit. Too much dry weather caused the falling off & probably this improved the quality of the Sugar, but it will pay much better to have a large Crop of dark Sugar than a small one of fine quality. I enclose Mr. Ewen’s letter per last mail which please return after perusal as I have to answer it. I think he is going carefully to work in disposing of old worn out cattle and replacing them with young stock as favorable opportunities offer & that it will be for the interest of the Estate to let him go on getting what is necessary. What he says about having a separate breeding stead I think you will agree with me is especially desirable, as the Estate will not only get the benefit of their Manure, but the inevitable constant decrease from accidents, sickness & old age &c will in great measure be recruited by young stock bred on the Estates. I quite agree with what you say that Mr. Ewen having sanction to get what was needful before should have done so, but it would appear he has been trusting too much to artificial manures which have proved a failure. I enclose also his letter dated 8 Sept. which shews this and which please peruse and return with his other note. It shews plainly the advantage to be derived by the extra stock both as regards manuring & over working and I hope in due time we shall reap the advantage of the extra outlay in reduced annual expense, and increase Crops.

                             With Kind regards, I remain

                                                          Yours sincerely

                                                          William Cliff

James Sprot, Spot House

                                                          50 & 51, The Albany

                                                Liverpool 2nd Dec. 1874

Dear Mr. Sprot,

          You will no doubt be anxious to have some tidings about George’s Plain after the hurricane that visited Jamaica so I enclose my last letter from Mr. Ewen and you will be glad to learn that the Estate appears to have escaped any damage, and no doubt the tremendous Rains that accompany Hurricanes would stimulate the growth of the canes and increase the yield. I also enclose Copy of a letter I wrote to Mr. Ewen yesterday which I hope you will approve of. A little after the close of the year I hope to be able to render my annual account for George’s Plain 1874 Crop which from the very short Crop cannot prove satisfactory but no exertion has been spared by me to realise the best prices possible for it so as to reduce the loss.

                                                Yours sincerely

                                                          William Cliff

Jas. Sprot Esqre.

          Please return Mr. Ewen’s note


                                                          50 & 51, The Albany

                                                Liverpool 1st Dec. 1874

William Ewen Esq.

My Dear Sir,

                    I have received your favor dated 9th Nov. & have accepted your Bill advised therein for £300 o/a George’s Plain Est. I am glad to hear George’s Plain appears to have escaped damage from the Hurricane, I have always understood that hurricanes did more good than harm to Sugar Planters by the deluges of Rain that usually accompany them but fear they would come rather late to benefit George’s Plain 1875 Crop. I omitted previously to name that Mr. Sprot (one of the Trustees) was greatly dissatisfied in receiving your estimate of the heavy additional outlay required to put the Estate in profitable condition, as well as annoyed in as much as you had been previously authorised to get what you considered sufficient Stock & do what was needful to put the Estate in good working condition, which he thought had been done & was therefore quite unprepared for the heavy additional outlay. I could only explain to him that you had been disappointed with the result of artificial manure & wished to make the Estate more self dependent by breeding Stock instead of buying to make up annual waste, but I conclude & hope the beneficial results of the large outlay of cattle will soon be seen in lessened expenses & increased Crops as I may myself be blamed for using my influence to carry out your recommendations in having so large a stock on the Estate I feel there will be a greatly increased responsibility & that unless the greatest care is observed to preserve them from sickness and accident very heavy loss may happen & I am sure I don’t need too strongly to impress upon the necessity of your particular personal attention to guard against this. I perceive by your returns for Aug & Sept. (I have recd. none for Oct.) there had been a loss of 9 by cough & no increase by births. If this goes on, it will tell very much against the Estate at the end of the year & may cause the Trustees to conclude you have put more Stock on the Estate than can be properly taken care of but I sincerely hope the result will be different. I sold the Balce  of RW Sugar per “Fatima” say 44 Hhds & 1 tce (which I held until the 9th Ultimo) at 25/3 per cwt probably this is almost it not quite the highest price obtained for Jamca Sugar this year, although I obtained the same for part of -?- & Tryall Sugar sold the same date, prices have given way considerably since. I was only sorry the usual Crop was not made when a profit instead of a loss would have been the result, but with a falling off of 85 Casks Sugar from the previous years Crop this was impossible & unless you send home good Crops it is useless me getting the best prices. The quality of the Sugar was much better than I have ever seen it, what was the cause of this?, but quantity rather than quality must be your great object. If you can combine both so much the better

                                                          Yours sincerely

                                                (Signed) William Cliff

Richard Watt in account current with Josh Marryat

April 30  To balance due us at this date                                                 114.975 314.18.10
May 1                     To Aunt of 2 hogsheads shipped for Garland 364                1.4.3
August 8                To cash paid duty on sugar succeeds from Fontaine                795                2.11.9
Oct 31                     To D Hislops bill for Bank of Jamaica due in Jan                62.640                540.0.0
Nov 30                   To D Hislops bill to Mason & Gillian due 3 July                43.000                500.0.0
Nov 30                   To cash invoice plantation stores for Lady K Barham 41.525 275.2.8

Feb 28                    To D Hislop’s bill to Mason & Gullen due 7 May                             500.0.0
Mar 27                    To cash paid this years income tax on £366                        341                10.13.6
Apr 30                    To D Hislop’s bill to Mason & Gullen due 3 July                              500.0.0

                                To commission on paying £2053.5.3 @1/2 %                 10.5.3
                                To postage to date                                                                                    1.7.0

Errors excepted

London 30 April 1884

Josh Marryat & sons

George’s Plain estate

          I enclose copy note from Mr. Cliffe, he called on me yesterday and seems to have a good opinion of the future prosperity of the Island. Please to say how and to what direction you would wish to have the Tamarinds sent

The Tamarinds

have been distributed according to your wish. I have had one keg opened and they appear very good and we have therefore reserved a Jar for yourself which I will keep for the present.